Best practices for teaching English as a foreign language

Teaching English as a foreign language (EFL) can be a challenging task, but by following best practices, educators can increase the chances of their students’ success. One of the most important best practices for EFL is to ensure that students are actively engaged in the learning process. This can be achieved by using a variety of teaching methods such as communicative approach, task-based language teaching, and interactive activities. Additionally, providing students with opportunities for meaningful communication in the target language can help improve their fluency and comprehension.

Another important best practice for EFL is to provide a supportive and encouraging classroom environment. This can be achieved by creating a positive classroom atmosphere, setting clear expectations for student behavior, and providing students with regular feedback on their progress. Additionally, providing students with multiple opportunities to practice and use the language in different contexts can help them to develop the ability to use the language in real-life situations.

A crucial aspect of teaching EFL is to ensure that students have a solid understanding of the grammar and structure of the language. This can be achieved by providing students with clear explanations of grammar rules, providing practice exercises, and giving students opportunities to apply their knowledge in real-life context.

Incorporating technology into the classroom can also be an effective best practice for EFL. Online resources, such as language-learning apps, videos, and interactive activities, can provide students with additional practice opportunities and can be used as supplements to traditional teaching methods. Additionally, having students use technology to communicate with native speakers can help them to improve their fluency and comprehension.

It is also important for EFL teachers to be aware of the students’ cultural background and the role that it plays in their ability to learn a new language. by recognizing and valuing students’ cultural backgrounds, teachers can create a more inclusive and welcoming classroom environment that can foster a sense of belonging and motivation among students.

One study shows that when EFL teachers use multiple intelligences theory and cater to students’ different learning styles in the classroom, students performed better on language proficiency tests. Furthermore, tailoring instruction to different student’s learning styles can increase student engagement, motivation, and overall academic performance.

Finally, continuous professional development is crucial for EFL teachers to stay current with the latest teaching methods and trends in the field. Teachers should make an effort to attend workshops, conferences, and training sessions to learn about new teaching strategies and technology, and to network with other EFL professionals.


In conclusion, by following best practices such as actively engaging students, providing a supportive and encouraging classroom environment, focusing on grammar and structure, incorporating technology, being aware of students’ cultural backgrounds, using Multiple Intelligences theory, and engaging in continuous professional development, EFL teachers can help their students achieve success in learning the English language.

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